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Physio Tips for knee

The following explanations summarize the advice we usually give (this list is not exhaustive). Your physiotherapist or surgeon is free to adapt them to your case.

Each illustration concerns a knee prosthesis for the right side.

The right positions in bed

It is essential to elevate the legs. At the beginning, with a slight comfort flexion of the knee, which will be reduced progressively in order to obtain the complete extension

Lying on the back with gutter
How to get out of bed?
Slide to the edge
Rotate – support the operated limb with the healthy limb
Getting up with or without a cane
Take the 2nd cane
Take the 2nd cane

How to go to bed ?

Back up with both canes until you feel the bed behind your knees.

Put down the canes before sitting down
Sitting with the operated leg pivoted Supporting the operated limb stretched
Pivot Supporting the operated limb with the healthy limb

The Walk

The duration of use of the 2 canes varies from one person to another and from one surgeon to another. In general, it ranges from one month to six weeks. Some patients have a transition period with 1 cane (on the opposite side of the body from the one operated on) before they are completely independent. In all cases, the decision to abandon the canes is made in agreement with the surgeon.

To walk

Advance both canes first, then the operated leg at the level of the canes, then advance the valid leg

The stairs

To claimb

The valid leg first, then the operated leg at the same time as the canes

To go down

Place the canes on the step below, then the operated leg at the same level as the canes, then the valid leg

The toilet

  • Choose a shower with a non-slip mat.
  • If you don’t have a shower but have a bathtub, it is recommended that you purchase a bath board, which will allow you to shower safely while seated. To get on the board, sit on the board as you do when you get back on the bed, swivel with both legs and put your feet on the bottom of the tub.
  • To wash your legs and feet, there are extension systems to attach your washcloth.
  • For your toilet, there are risers for toilets with or without bars.


The sock threader will allow you to put on your socks more easily.

  • Pull up the pants with an extension clip.
  • Use a long shoehorn to put on the shoes.
  • Prefer shoes without laces.

By car

To get into the car, hold onto the body for better support

To exit the car, proceed in reverse.


  • Choose a shower with a non-slip mat.
  • Avoid standing still for long periods of time,
  • Avoid walking in a room, use real steps.
  • Choose high seats.
  • Avoid sitting for too long, even if the leg is high.
  • Choose to lie down with your legs up.
  • Apply an ice pack several times a day for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • Arrange your home by removing carpets or anything else that could cause you to trip.

How to pick up objects